WOUND REPAIR REGEN. Wound Repair and Regeneration 2003 ;11 (4):275-284
P.S. Sahota, Clinical Research Fellow, University of Sheffield, Div. of Clinical Sciences (North), Herries Road, Sheffield S5 7AU EML: [email protected]
Development of a reconstructed human skin model for angiogenesis
We have previously shown that reconstructed human skin engineered from autologous keratinocytes, fibroblasts, and sterilized donor allodermis stimulates angiogenesis within 5-7 days when placed on well-vascularized wound beds in nude mice. When this reconstructed skin was used clinically in more demanding wound beds, some grafts were lost, possibly due to delayed vascularization. As this reconstructed skin lacks any endothelial cells, our aim in this study was to develop an angiogenic reconstructed skin model in which to explore strategies to improve angiogenesis both in vitro and in vivo. We report that culture of small-vessel human dermal microvascular endothelial cells (HuDMECs) was achieved using magnetic beads coated with an antibody to platelet cell adhesion molecule as a means of purifying the culture. Keratinocytes, fibroblasts, and HuDMECs could be cultured from the same skin biopsy. Initial studies culturing HuDMECs and other sources of endothelial cells with the tissue-engineered skin showed that these cells were capable of slowly entering the dermis under standard culture conditions in vitro. In conclusion, this provides us with a model in which to explore strategies for improving angiogenesis in vitro and also establishes the culture methodologies for the production of reconstructed skin containing autologous keratinocytes, fibroblasts, and endothelial cells.